This is the text of my New Year sermon, shared today at Cliftonville Moravian Church in Belfast:
Moving into 2017: Recognizing the Value of All Human Life
Last night, and in to the wee small hours, and across the globe, the words of one of Robert Burns’ most famous song – Auld Lang Syne – would have been sung. Sentiments of togetherness and a looking forward to the future in friendship mean so much to so many at the dawning of a New Year and the leaving behind of a turbulent old one. Auld Lang Syne is a song that reminds us of the values we possess across geographical and religious boundaries.
I love these displays of togetherness; it is so important that we come together whenever we can and wherever we can.
But all of this comes in the midst of global turmoil. Crucially, as I have been reading and watching the news of late, I have been struck by a number of things. One in particular: It strikes me that today, and throughout human history, life is often cheap, dispensable and non-consequential. Now that is a very bold statement, I accept that. But let us start at our New Testament Reading for today, where we encounter an enraged King Herod, lashing out in his paranoia, ordering the killing of male children under the age of two. What a ghastly and unthinkable thing to do. Herod’s narcissism was all-pervasive. As he aged and his behaviour became increasingly erratic and unstable, he clearly had no concept of the intrinsic value of life; the life of others was only important inasmuch as it served his purposes. He clearly did not grasp the fact that life was precious, a gift from God, as we read in Genesis 1:27: ‘So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them’. It was this divine imprint that makes the life of each one of us valuable.
And we think of our experiences today. The first example: the war in Syria, where we see night after night on our TV screens, or our newsfeeds, young children being pulled lifeless from the rubble of a bombed house…or hospital….or school. It is unbearable to watch. But, we hear those words ‘collateral damage’ used by the protagonists in the war, and somehow this is supposed to make the situation less desperate and appalling – these children were not directly targeted. Implicit in these situations, and the explanations that emanate from those involved, is the notion that some lives are worth more than others…..some lives are expendable in the rush for military and political conquest. The echo of Herod can be heard loud and clear amidst the din of the shelling and gunfire.
Then there is another example. Just yesterday there was news breaking of a market suicide bomb in Iraq that killed dozens of people and injured at least fifty. The area in Baghdad that had been targeted was packed with shops and the bomb (or bombs) went off during a particularly busy time. Yes, there was news coverage, but it was quite far down the list, the global response was muted, and the story will most likely have disappeared into the ether today or tomorrow; we’ve almost become conditioned to expect such atrocities in Iraq.
And then there is the situation in Myanmar, or Burma. Just the other day a group of 11 Nobel peace prize winners wrote to the United Nations pleading for it to ‘end the human crisis of the country’s Rohingya Muslims. There have been widespread claims of ‘ethnic cleansing’ and somewhere in excess of 30,000 people have been forced to flee the military onslaught. That’s a huge number of people – women, children, families. And we hardly hear anything at all about it.
From these three examples, we might be tempted to ask ourselves some uncomfortable questions. Is it just because these atrocities are committed so far from home that we here little of them? Or is it because they have little impact on our own lives that the media does not focus in on them as it might? Or is it because the people affected are different to us in some way or another? Or even more uncomfortable is the notion that, in the collective subconscious, not all lives are equal?
I read an article, some time ago now, on the ‘Big Think’ website. It was called ‘The Geography of Empathy and Apathy: Some Countries We Care about More than Others’, and it was written by a man called Frank Jacobs. He concluded that, from a Western perspective, when there is a tragic event, ‘Those feelings of empathy decrease as the cultural, economic, and geographical distance to the disaster and its victims increases’. In other words, we care most for those who are most like us, and less for those who are less like us.
Now that really is really difficult reality to reflect on, but as our New Testament reading reminds, us, it is nothing new; our generation is no different in this respect from any others.
But, the challenge comes when we pause to imbibe what Luke wrote in Acts 10:34, ‘Then Peter began to speak: “I now truly understand that God does not show favouritism’. Indeed he does not; and neither should we. Each life, wherever it is lived, regardless of the circumstances, is as valuable as any other. Imagine how radically different our world would be if we truly took this on board? It would be revolutionised.
Francis Schaeffer once so perceptively wrote: “Man, made in the image of God, has a purpose – to be in relationship to God, who is there. Man forgets his purpose and thus he forgets who he is and what life means.”
He is right. Let me suggest to you that we do not always take on-board fully our mission, who we are in relation to God, and the life we have been given to live. We do not always adopt unequivocally that intention to live out the Gospel message, to show compassion to all and to live out our faith in this broken world, difficult though that nay be. Acknowledging our connection to God is the key that unlocks the ethic of love for one another, despite our differences.
Now, this might all seem quite overwhelming. And it is. How can we, ordinary individuals make that difference, to reflect more deeply on how we relate to others? How do we do something that, is quite frankly, so difficult? Well, we start with what we have and what we have been given; we start here. Once we have acknowledged the intrinsic value of the other, whoever that might be, then we can reflect on what our response might be.
And here is just one more thought. Even within those most like us, for example those who share our Christian faith, there can still be a hierarchy of empathy that develops. Consider then these words from Thomas Merton, which were written in the context of segregation in the US, but the sentiment undergirding it is more broadly applicable, and surely causes us to stop and think: ‘If we realize that we are each bound to the other members of the human race in the Mystical Body of Christ, that we must love the human race as a whole, and love all the groups which constitute it, then we can scarcely fail to realize the evil as well as the stupidity of hating any part of the Mystical Body of Christ…. There are persons who feel quite acutely the duty of individual kindness to persons of other races, and yet who seem to be totally unconscious of the injustice of race relations as a whole…who are violently antagonistic to any effort to reform the political, economic, social, and even religious oppression of the coloured race. Would this be possible to anyone who really believed in the doctrine of the Mystical Body?’
Merton’s point is well made.
Now personally, I do not really ‘do’ New Year Resolutions. But this year, the closest I have come to one is to think more deeply, more prayerfully on how I affirm the God-given identity of others. I need to take on-board, not just intellectually, but emotionally, the profundity of that truth that we are all made in the image of God. You too will, I have no doubt, make your own response to this call.
As we collectively go forward into this New Year, we have the opportunity to take on board the biblical injunctions we have explored, to listen to the prophetic words of people like Thomas Merton and Francis Schaeffer, and yes even revisit Robert Burns and his calls for brotherhood and a recognition of the value of the other.
With the help of God, Let us do just that.